Brexit Data Protection Tips
The Brexit transition clock is ticking. At 11pm UK time on the 31st of December 2020, all organisations that transfer data to or from the EU will need to have taken appropriate steps to prepare for the post-Brexit landscape.
Over the course of July, we will be sharing our 11 Brexit data protection tips that will help you to plan and prepare for the arrival of the UK GDPR.
The first step in your data protection Brexit planning should be to gain a thorough understanding of your data flows. You need to understand if personal data is being transferred out of the UK, accessed or processed by EU Processors/Controllers or if you are importing personal data from the EU or offering services/monitoring the behaviour of EU residents.
Understanding your dataflows will assist with determining if the current transfers can continue post Brexit or if additional safeguards will be need to be implemented.
In the absence of an adequacy agreement with the EU, additional safeguards must be implemented to continue lawfully transferring personal data from the EU to the UK. Based on the outcome of your data mapping exercise, if an appropriate transfer safeguard, such Standard Contractual Clauses (SCCs), is not in place, incorporate these into each of the contractual agreements you have with your third party data providers/recipients, prior to 31st Dec 2020.
As it is currently understood, after Exit Day, the UK ICO will no longer participate in the one stop shop mechanism. If you have nominated the UK ICO as your lead authority under the One Stop Shop then this needs to be reviewed. If applicable, identify one of your alternative establishments situated within the EU and nominate that member state’s authority as your new lead authority. This establishment must however, be responsible for making processing decisions, otherwise they may not qualify and therefore you will no longer be able to take advantage of the One Stop Shop. Where a change is made, remember to update your policies to reflect that change. Further guidance is available from the EDPB.
Do you provide goods or services to the EU? Do you monitor the behaviour of EU Residents? If you do, and you don’t have a suitable establishment/office in the EU then you may need to appoint an EU Representative as required by EU GDPR Article 27.
The same applies in reverse if you are an EU organisation under UK GDPR. Further guidance is available here.
If you have offices in other EU member states and especially if you are utilising the ‘One Stop Shop’ mechanism, it is likely that your breach procedures and notification protocols will need to be amended to reflect these changes. Identify which supervisory authority you will need to notify (or which is applicable in various circumstances if the OSS is no longer available to you) and how you will ensure the correct reporting measures are made within the permitted time frame from each relevant jurisdiction.
Further detail on the steps required can be found here.
The UK will incorporate the GDPR into our legal system as the “UK GDPR” at the end of the transition period (31st of December 2020). The Data Protection Act 2018 will continue to apply in the UK as it does now, but will reference the UK rather than EU GDPR. Depending on whether you will be processing EU resident data, UK resident data or both, it is important to update your policies to state which will law will apply to each data subject group, as the different legislation types are likely to diverge over time.
From the 1st of January 2021 the UK will no longer be directly subject to EU data protection laws. From that date, we will be subject to UK data protection laws and therefore all your contracts and agreements (such as your general terms of business) that give reference to EU laws will need to be updated to UK laws as applicable.
Data Protection Impact Assessments (DPIAs) are a mechanism that enable you to identify the data protection risks associated with specific processing activities, including cross boarder personal data transfers, especially where those activities involve ‘sensitive’ personal data. Along with other details, your Records of Processing Activities (RoPA) then enables you to articulate this information. Therefore, if any of your processing will be changing as a result of Brexit, updates will be required.
If you are relying on Standard Contractual Clauses (SCCs) or Binding Corporate Rules (BCRs), you are required to conduct a case-by-case analysis of each of your transfers to assess if ‘adequate protection’ is being provided within the legal framework of the receiver’s country or jurisdiction. If these national laws violate these protections, the transfer is unlikely to comply with the GDPR so can no longer be used as a safeguard for transfers of personal data to that country. You can use this link provided by NOYB to help conduct an assessment.